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Time Before Clocks
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Mercury - its history
- its transit
Venus - its history
- its transit
Venus Express
Mars - its history
latest updates
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Saturn - its history
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Uranus - its history
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History of Siberia
Part One

the geology and
early history
mammoth hunters
Chukchi Directions
Directions of Time
and feng shui origins
bronze and iron age
civilizations from Siberia
Shamans and Time
Medieval Siberian
British and Russians
discover Siberia
16th century Yakutia:
origin of the Sakha
17th century Yakutia
and the Russian Invasion
18th century Yakutia
the explorers: part one
18th century Yakutia
the explorers: part two
Russian America
18th and 19th centuries
Yakutia 1820 to 1890
extreme tourism
Japan attacks Russia
Siberia 1890-1912
and a British gold mine
starts a revolution
Tunguska event
As seen by
shamans and scientists
Siberia: 1917 to present
The Great Bear
and the Cosmic Hunt

the ancient sky
calendar and myths.
(More being added.)
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The Moon and Calendars
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Iron Age astronomy:
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The Ptolemy Effect
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Latest updated booklet
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full story so far.

Tudor Bastard
King Edward VI's
Defence of
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Astronomy in the
17th century

The impact of the
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John Harrison
and the Problem of Longitude

18th century astronomy
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21st centuries

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only clock
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The First Batteries.

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Evenk Shaman Song (more Evenk music on Evenkia website).

shaman's tent in Evenk zone photo copyright of Heather Hobden

Siberia - its history.

References, and further reading linked to the Cosmicelk webpage articles on the long history of Siberia - as old as the Earth itself, the origin of its mineral wealth and its turbulent history. Much of the material was originally researched for a book, and has been published in articles, in magazines like Clocks, etc. and also in papers and books. The material has also been used for talks and adult education classes. The website is continously updated. The material is copyright of the Cosmicelk and Heather Hobden. Feedback is always welcome. Links to webpages always welcome.

Use of material welcome, please ask first as various copyrights and other issues may apply, which affects the reference, use, etc.

Here you will find links to articles, and to other websites, news, and other features. Book list and references and acknowledgements used for the original publications, articles, books, etc.

List of Siberian pages:

  • Siberia hub page has links to other related pages in the Cosmic Elk and to Siberian websites.
  • The beginning of Siberian history.
  • The Bear and Seasons
  • Time Before Clocks. Has more on time in Siberia.
  • Siberian calendars and timekeeping included in this.
  • Chukotka and the directions of time.
  • More on the directions of time and space - includes significant directions in Yakutian cosmology and Evenk time-keeping.
  • The mammoth-hunters of the last ice-age and their legacy.
  • Siberia in the Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Age.
  • Shamans and Time. Has more about the religion and the shamans.
  • Medieval Siberian Invaders Evenk and others.
  • Continues with the invasion
    from the west
  • 16th century Yakutia and the origin of the Sakha.
  • 17th century Yakutia and the Russian Invasion.
  • Yakutia in the 18th century Part One..
  • Yakutia in the 18th century Part Two.The Billings Expedition.
  • Russian America
  • Siberia 1820 to 1890 - extreme tourism
  • Siberia 1890 to 1912 - and trouble with gold
  • Tunguska event.
  • from first world war on to present.

  • More on Siberia and its history:

    Book List

    References used in previous publications, printed, electronic or online, by Heather Hobden or Some of these are now much more easily available than they were when first researched, and are now free downloads as pdf.

    Interested in Siberia since a girl. Later found out out more and travelled there. Was interested in early timekeeping in Siberia, much of which has been published in articles in "Clocks" and other publications, in the 1970s and 1980s and 1990s, and updated since.

    Since I could not travel to Siberia and around Siberia anywhere near as much and as often as I would have liked, I am extremely grateful to the many friends I have encountered over the years, who have helped me with information, and books. They have included Irina, Eddi, Tiina, Gertrude, Marguerite, Matriona and Maria, Sardana, Tanya, Albina, and many others.

    feedback always welcome, you may contact us at

    Ask the Evenk Udagan for the weather where she is.

    This website designed and maintained by Heather Hobden
    The Cosmic Elk